1540s JAGIELLONIAN FINISHING ROLL FROM POZNAŃ. THE PROBLEM OF IDEOLOGICAL-POLITICAL CONTENT AND ICONOGRAPHIC MODELS
The article examines one of the so-called “Jagiellonian finishing rolls,” which were used in decorating by an anonymous bookbinder (or bookbinders) from Poznań from around 1547 until the 1560s. The roll shows 5 carefully designed medallions with busts of a pope and some European rulers (Paul III, Sigismund the Old, Sigismund Augustus, Charles V and Ferdinand I) as well as an arabesque ornament. Today we know 22 bindings with such decorations, kept in libraries in Poland, Russia and Germany.
The author of the article formulates some hypotheses concerning the time the roll was made as well as its maker and the person who may have commissioned it. He explores the tradition of making such finishing rolls in Europe. The characteristic composition and selection of motifs on the Poznań tool are presented against the background of model graphics showing “galleries” of portraits of European rules (they were made by e.g. Virgil Solis or Augustin Hirschvogel).
The author describes the complex relations between the Habsburgs and the Jagiellons as well as the role of the papacy in these relations. This is necessary to establish the ideological and political basis of the iconographic concept of the roll. In addition, the author analyses the iconographic models of the portraits presented on the medallions. He indicates their originals among graphic works, paintings as well as numismatic works (coins and medals).