THE CONTRIBUTION OF ACADEMIC LIBRARY SCIENCE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF BIBLIOLOGY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE IN POLAND IN 1945–2015
The aim of the study is to present the origins and development of academic institutions educating librarians in Poland in 1945–2015, taking into account the institutional and scholarly aspects. In the first part of the paper the author presents the history of various institutions — university faculties, departments and institutes — divided into three chronological periods (1945–1974, 1975–1989, 1990–2015). She takes into account the circumstances surrounding their establishment (including the legal framework), their founders, staff, organisational structures and their changes. In addition, she points to other manifestations of academic life influencing the work of academic library science centres, like conferences and professional journals. In the second part, devoted to a discussion of research into bibliology and information science conducted at Polish universities, the author focuses on the various subjects, treating chronology only as an element organising descriptions of research processes at the various library studies centres. She points to areas of research as well as changes occurring in their subjects in the analysed period, referring to the names of selected scholars and titles of their most important works. Like in part one, she also discusses the social, political and cultural determinants stimulating research processes, paying particular attention to the impact of the new technologies and media. The author’s overview confirms the huge role played by academic institutions engaged in library studies in the consolidation of the position of bibliology as an academic discipline, but at the same time shows how the research profile of book science has been changing in recent years, evolving in the direction of phenomena associated with information science and new technologies.