BOOKS FROM THE “BIBLIOTEKA MŁODYCH MICZURINOWCÓW” SERIES AS AN EXAMPLE OF HOW POPULARISATION OF KNOWLEDGE WAS COMBINED WITH IDEOLOGISATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE IN THE 1950S
In the article the author discusses the Biblioteka Młodych Miczurinowców (Young Michurinist Library) — a series of popular science books about nature for children and young people published in post-war Poland in 1953–1956. She explores the specificity of the books from the series, which — in addition to information about plants, animals and their amateur husbandry — also provided their readers with elements of the communist ideology. They were to disseminate the idea of Michurinism launched by the famous Soviet biologist and experimenter Ivan Michurin. School gardens and farms were used to teach pupils how to cultivate crops and use generally available plants to the maximum, and how to enrich their diet with farm animals that were easy to manage. The simple, largely fictionalised stories about nature, featuring a basic end matter, were to help teachers develop children’s and young people’s socialist worldview, and teach the contents recommended by the ministry.